[Ocse] Fisco: in lenta crescita nell'area OCSE - 24.10.2012 (versione in inglese)
mercoledì 24 ottobre 2012
24/10/2012 - In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010. This is still well below the most recent peak of 2007 when tax revenues to GDP ratios averaged 35.1%.
Of the 29 countries for which 2011 data are available, tax revenues rose as a proportion of GDP in 20 and fell in only 6. This demonstrates a more pronounced trend toward higher tax revenues than in 2010, when there was a more even balance of increases and decreases across countries.
Chile, France, the Czech Republic and Germany saw the largest increases in 2011, and Hungary, Estonia and Sweden the largest falls.
Increasing tax ratios in 2010 and 2011 are due to a combination of factors. With a progressive tax regime, economic recovery led to tax revenues rising faster than GDP and at the same time many countries raised tax rates and/or broadened bases. In 2008 and 2009, the declining ratios reflected the severity of the recession and that some countries responded by cutting tax rates.
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“This increase in 2011 tax revenues supports fiscal consolidation efforts in many countries”, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. “However, if OECD countries want to pursue these long-term strategies successfully, the increase in tax revenue must go hand in hand with efforts to restore long-term growth prospects, strengthen economic activity and create jobs.”
Revenue pressures have hit some levels of government harder than others, with the average tax ratio for local governments remaining steady since 2007 but declining for central, state and regional governments.
European countries most affected by the financial crisis and subsequent recession - Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain – experienced an initial sharp fall in tax revenues in 2008 and 2009 and a small recovery in revenues since then.
In the latest edition:
Further information on Revenue Statistics, including key results, is available at www.oecd.org/tax/revenuestatistics2012edition.htm. This webpage includes an “Information by Country” section which describes separately the main trends for each OECD member country.
For further information please contact OECD’s Centre for Tax Policy, Stephen Matthews at + 331 45 24 93 22 or Maurice Nettley at +331 45 24 96 17
>> See Table A. Total tax revenue as percentage of GDP.